Abraham Lincoln made many decisions in the war. He was confronted with the hardest decision any president is required to make- how to respond to an attack on the country. He made the fateful decision to use military force to suppress the rebellion. He was a known to oppose slavery, and when he was elected the South Carolina legislature felt threatened. The delegates called for a state convention and voted to remove the state of South Carolina from the United States of America. The secession of South Carolina began the secession of nine more states- Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. Those states eventually formed the Confederate Sates of America. At Lincoln’s inauguration on March 4, he said he had no plans to end slavery in the states where it already existed, but would also not accept secession. “We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break out bonds of affection.” Later on he planned to send supplies to Fort Sumter, and alerted the state in advance to avoid hostilities. However South Carolina suspected a trick, which Robert Anderson, the commander of the fort was asked to surrender immediately. He offered to surrender, but only after he had used his supplies. On April 12 his offer was rejected, and the Civil War began with shots fired on the fort, and eventually the fort was surrendered to South Carolina. On March 8, 1862 Lincoln was impatient with General McClellan’s inactivity, relieving General McClellan of command and giving him command of the Army of the Potomac to attack Richmond. On September 17, General McClellan caught General Lee’s Confederate forces near Sharpsburg, Maryland. 2,108 Union soldiers were killed and 9,549 were wounded, and 2,700 Confederate soldiers were killed and 9,029 wounded being the bloodiest day of the war. This battle convinced the British and French to reserve action, and gave Lincoln the opportunity to announce his Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which would free all the slaves in areas rebelling against the United States. On December 1862 Lincoln replaced McClellan with Major- General Ambrose E. Burnside. General McClellan was given command of the army of the Potomac and ordered to attack Richmond, which marked the beginning of the peninsular campaign. General Burnside’s forces were defeated in a series of attacks against Confederate forces at Fredericksburg, Virginia, and so General Joseph Hooker replaced General Burnside. On March 1863, an act was passed because of recruiting difficulties, to make all men between the ages of 20-45 liable for military service. People could avoid the service by finding a substitute or paying a fee. Riots in working-class sections of New York City broke out in protest and the act also was seen unfair to the poor. On November 1864, the Republican Party nominated Abraham Lincoln as its presidential candidate and Andrew Johnson for vice-president. Wide spread war-weariness at one point in the North made it seem like a victory for Lincoln was doubtful. However, Sherman had victory in Atlanta and that boosted Lincoln’s popularity and helped him win the re-election by a lot. On April 1865, President Lincoln was watching a performance at Ford’s Theatre in Washington D.C. called “Our American Cousin”, he was shot by john Wilkes Booth, an actor from Maryland obsessed with avenging the Confederate defeat. Lincoln died the next morning and Booth escaped from Virginia. Eleven days later Booth was cornered in a burning barn and was shot fatally by a union soldier. With nine other people involved in Lincoln’s assassination; four were imprisoned, for were hanged, and one acquitted. In all, Abraham Lincoln did a good job making the decisions he did in the Civil War.
Wake up hungry,
Not for waffles,
Not for pancakes,
Or your morning coffee,
For success in what you do,
Failure is not an option,
And success is a fact,
So at the end of the day,
When you go to sleep you can say,
Spain is known for its dominance in the 15th century as the “Spanish Hashburgs” and helped Europe to global leaders in the modern era. Spain is a major tourist attraction for their beaches, monuments, and traditions. Spain has some rich, unique traditions you will not find anywhere else. The Running of the Bulls or San Fermin, and the tomatina or the throwing of the tomatoes are two traditions that have been going on for centuries and will be apart of Spain’s culture forever. The Spanish San Fermin (running of the bulls) is a tradition that has been going on since the year 1215. It started from ancient techniques to get the farm cows to the market for selling. The farmers would taunt and rush the bulls to the market with excitement and fear. This soon began to become competitive for many young adults, seeing who could cross this run with bulls without being harmed. Once this fun competition grew, it soon became a tradition taking it to the streets of Pamplona. The festival starts July 6th, with the opening fiesta. This consists of getting the bulls from outside the city into the bullring. The encierro or the running starts the followingmorning (July 7th) at 8:00 am. Two rockets are then fired signaling the start. The first signals the corral gates are opened. The second signals that all of the six bulls have been let loose. The final two rockets signals that the bulls have been “captured” back into the bullring and the ending of the event. With people running from these bulls, there are accidents bound to happen. Fifteen people were killed in the 1924 Pamplona run, which is the most ever in one year. Another famous, messy spanish tradition is La Tomatina in the Valencian town called Buñol. In 1945, while the gigantes y cabezudos parade in the town center, La Plaza del Pueblo was taking place a group of young men created the event of a staged brawl. With a vegetable stand nearby the men picked up tomatoes and used them as weapons, whipping them at each other. The police later had to break up this “fight” and poured the responsibility of fixing the damage upon those who were apart of it. The following year on the same day more people joined these young men in the staged fight, but this time they brought their own tomatoes. The courageous event was later broken up again, but the people did not give up. They kept coming back the same Wednesday in August doing the same thing until this day became the famous Tomatina. The first event of the tomatina starts at 10:00 am and is called the palo jabón. The goal is to climb a greasy pole with ham on top and collect the ham while everyone is dancing and celebrating around you. Then the fun starts, trucks pour into the plaza dumping thousands of tomatoes. All the participants then throw tomatoes for one hour. Spain’s rich traditions could not be duplicated anywhere else. Every year more and more people visit Spain for their great cultural events. On top of that since 2010 Spain has been the fourth most visited country in the entire world. Between the beaches, amazing cities, and memorable traditions who wouldn’t want to visit Spain.
It’s that time again! It’s time for another top 5 blog. This week is all about candy. Now it’s time to jump right into number 5.
This week I have decided on Mike & Ikes to be the 5th place candy. These are fruit flavored, chewy, pill shaped candies. They tasted amazing at first, but recently they started to taste different. I’m not sure if it is a change in recipe, or a different variety, but that’s what kept them from beating the 4th place candy.
In 4th place are M&M’s. These are circle shaped candies about a centimeter in diameter. They are chocolates covered with candy that come in red, blue, orange, yellow, green, and brown. The colorings do not affect the flavor of the candy, but the touch of color can really lighten your day. Without the color, the candies would look dull.
Third on the list are Skittles. These are the same shape and size as M&Ms, but they have a purple color instead of brown. Each color of the rainbow has a different fruit flavor. I have enjoyed Skittles since I was introduced to them by a friend many years ago, and I have loved them ever since for the great, fruity taste.
My second favorite candies are Smarties. They are small, stubby, and cylinder shaped. They stack up to make a long cylinder of different pastel colored candies within one wrapper. They fall apart into a sweet powder when they hit your tongue, each a different flavor depending on the color of the candy. Therefore, people can develop personal favorites. In my opinion, the white ones are the best.
All these candies are good, but my favorite, without contest, is the Reese’s peanut butter cup. This is a peanut butter filling surrounded by chocolate and wrapped in a short paper cup about 1 inch in diameter. It is something about that combination of chocolate and peanut butter that completes that candy. Reese’s melt in your mouth and brighten any day. This is not only the best tasting candy, but also the healthiest. However, that doesn’t prove much, since candy isn’t well known for being a health food.
When the air starts to warm,
And your skin starts to tan,
Your hair turns a shade lighter.
When you smell the constant scent of sunscreen,
Mixed in with the ocean.
When you feel the itch of salty air
And that cool Cape water washing off all the sand.
Thats when you’ll know it’s Summer
Ladies and gentlemen of the jury, this young man, Steve Harmon, is guilty. There is evidence that he has met with King, who was also admittedly involved with and planned the crime. Not only that, but in the journal he never specifically says that he didn’t commit the crime. He wrote about talking with King and King offered for him to be in the trial. The law also states that being involved in a crime in anyway is a crime. He lied on the stand. All of these things just prove his guilt.
In the journal in one of Steve’s flashbacks, he tells about an encounter between him and King, proving that he was involved and knew about the crime. King says, “Yeah, all we need is a lookout” (150). is what Steve wrote that King said during a conversation between the two young men. Steve said that he wasn’t involved in anyway in the crime, and if he is not charged for the crime itself, he can at least be charged for lying on the stand which is illegal by itself. In the conversation that Steve writes about between himself and King, he also writes how King asks him, “All you need is heart. You got the heart?” Steve never wrote his answer. It not only shows that he hesitates, but it leaves us to question, could he possibly have agreed to help commit the crime? Steve may claim to not have been at the store that day, but the chances of this being a misunderstanding and Steve being innocent are slimmed to almost none. King identified Steve as the young man who agreed to be the lookout. Steve was definitely in contact with King leading up to the crime, and had knowledge of the crime, which goes against everything that Steve has said on the stand during this trial, proving that Steve is a dishonest monster.
Not only does he write about his conversation with King prior to the crime, but he also shows pictures of himself in the store, even though on the stand he denied ever being in the store. He also knew what he was doing was wrong. The pictures have captions saying, “What was I doing? What was i thinking?” (216) This shows that he knows what he was doing was not a good choice, and that he should not have been doing it even though he did it anyways. Well, what was he doing? Why was he in the pharmacy? And what was he thinking? He was thinking that he was going to walk out of there, and give the all clear to King and Bobo, letting them know that it’s safe to continue with the crime, putting the store and Mr. Nesbitt into danger. He looks back on that action with regret because of his consequence, but not so much guilt for commiting the crime.
Steve may not have done the worst parts of the crime, but he was still there. He knew about it, while saying on the stand that he had never talked to King about the crime, and said that he didn’t go into the store that day. Steve said on the stand, “I don’t know exactly when the robbery happened, but I know I wasn’t in the drugstore that day” He lied on the stand because later in the book he shows pictures of himself in the store that day. When asked, “What do you talk about?” (with King) Steve replied with, “Usually I see him in the playground. Maybe he’d say something like ‘Those guys can’t play ball,’ stuff like that,” This is another lie that Steve made because he also writes about at least 2 conversations between himself and King. Not only is commiting these crimes against the law, but lying on the stand is also punishable by law. No matter what way you look at this, Steve Harmon is guilty.
Now, I know you may think that there are also many things pointing to his innocence, but they do not stand strong against his guilt. Even though Lorelle Henry states that she did not see Steve Harmon in the store that day, it does not prove that he was not actually there. Steve never says that he saw her in the store, so there is a possibility that they were just in two different spots without a view of each other. Also, Steve never got a share of the money that was stolen from the store. He may not have gotten it, but he could have just been planning to receive his share later. After the crime, Cruz and King went to go sell some cigarrettes that they stole, and some may be surprised that Steve was not with them, but Steve was not there right when the crime happened, so why would he have come back after? There may be things pointing to his innocence, but none of them are strong enough to win the case.
Steve Harmon not only had knowledge that the crime was going to take place, but he was a part of the crime. He went into the store that day, with full intent on being the lookout. Steve also lied on the stand, and did not admit to being in the store that day, while in his journal he writes that he was there. With all of these lies and crimes showin his guilt, there is no way that Steve Harmon could possibly be convicted as innocent. There is no question when I say that Steve Harmon has every reason to be convicted as guilty.
Waiting and waiting
the days go by
they come closer
the salt in my hair,
I am finally here
Summer please do not go by.
An exciting day trip for the summer is white water rafting at U. S. Rafting Maine. It offers locations on the Kennebec and Dead Rivers. The experience includes rafting down Class III and IV rapids with all necessary equipment and an experienced guide. There is transportation between the river and base camp. A full lunch at the base camp is prepared for you, which includes barbecue chicken, baked beans, pasta salad and watermelon. Finally you will receive a video viewing of your experience.
The Kennebec River is the most rafted river in Maine. The Upper Gorge is a huge adrenaline rush mixing fun with fear. The Kennebec River requires no previous experience and is perfect for a family adventure. You must be at least 10 years of age to attend. The Dead River offers 16 miles of continuous whitewater and many surf holes and famous for the “High Water” releases. The Dead River requires no experience, but is challenging. You must be at least 14 years of age to attend.
The check-in is at 9:30 a.m. and trips return to the base camp at 4 p.m. This is a full-day adventure which includes all necessary equipment including a paddle, life jacket and helmet, a licensed guide. The guides are knowledgeable and make the experience awesome. You will be on the water for 3 to 4 hours of the day in a raft that fits up to 10 people.
The schedule for white water rafting begins in May and concludes in early October. The cost for the trip starts at $129 per person. The excursion will take place despite rain since they figure you are going to get wet anyway. For more specific information, visit the website as schedules and pricing differ depending on which river you choose to raft. For more information, you can visit http://www.usraftingmaine.com on the web or call 1-207-323-3052.
Imagine riding on a carousel over 100 years old or a wooden roller coaster built in 1930’s. You can do both and a whole lot more at Canobie Lake Park in Salem, New Hampshire. Canobie Lake Park opened in August of 1902, as a trolley park for the Massachusetts Northeast Street Railway Company. In the early years, it was visited for its flower gardens, promenades and simple attractions. From 1930’s through 1950’s, Canobie Lake Park opened the Dancehall Theater which became a famous location of entertainment which hosted many famous celebrities. Today, the park features over 50 rides including thrill rides, water rides, family rides and kiddie.
The classic rides found at the park are the wooden roller coaster and carousel. The Yankee Cannonball, a 1930s-era wooden roller coaster, is one of the park’s best known rides. The Antique Carousel dates back to 1905. It is equipped with stationary and moving animals as well as benches to ride on. Additionally, the park features over 50 rides including thrill rides, water rides, family rides and kiddie rides. That is not all, there is a variety of foods, prize games, three arcades, live entertainment, and fireworks.
One of the more recent rides that was added in 2011 is Untamed. It is a roller coaster that features a 72-foot vertical lift which then drops at a 97 degree angle. Untamed also takes riders through three inversions, a vertical loop, and a zero gravity roll. This year the park will open its newest ride called Equinox. It has three spinning arms similar to a giant fan that can go 75 miles per hour around.
The schedule for Canobie begins in May and ends in October. The times vary so you can check the website for details. The general admission prices are $35 for adults, $26 for under 48″, $26 for 60 years old and over, $26 after 5 pm admission. Children under 3 years are free. Make sure you check the website for specials and coupons for discount admission. The contact information is www.canobie.com on the web or call 1-603-893-3506.
Trust: “Firm belief in the reliability, truth, ability, or strength of someone or something” (New Oxford American Dictionary). We experience trust everyday in our lives. We trust our teachers that they will teach us. We trust our parents to protect us. Sometimes we experience trust on a larger scale like trusting the guy with the arrow to shoot the apple and not your head.
Trust involves responsibility and confidence. Hanging onto a suitcase with a million dollars in it is a huge responsibility. You also have to have confidence in the person you are trusting. You wouldn’t go up to a random, sketchy stranger and ask them to keep a suitcase with a million dollars in it safe for a minute while I go run to get some Dunkin Donuts. You may not even trust your best friend with that enormous responsibility. With responsibility, you have control and power. Confidence is the feeling that you can rely on or trust someone. As you can tell, trust is important and takes time to develop.
Ever since the New York City Outward Bound Trip I have seen trust in my life more clearly than ever before. I went rock climbing on a five story wall that towers over sixty feet above the busy streets of New York City. I trusted my instructors who were belaying me and had the confidence to trust them with my life. On a smaller scale, I trusted the navigators who brought my crew to various locations. We ate at a Sikh Temple, and some of the food didn’t look too appetizing. I trusted the people at the temple that the food I was eating wasn’t roadkill found on the highway. The biggest trust exercise was definitely crossing the Brooklyn Bridge blindfolded. You held on to the person in front of you and trusted that they would successfully lead you across the bridge. Crossing that bridge was one of the best feelings in my entire life.
In the morning, you trust your alarm clock to wake you up at the right time. You trust your parents to be there, and you trust that they have not run away. When you went to bed the night before you had to trust yourself that you will be there the next morning. You have to trust Mother Nature that the world will be there the next day. When you get in your car, you trust that it will work. You trust the person driving you that they will bring you to the right place. You trust the people in the other cars that they won’t crash into you. We are always trusting someone or something every year, every day, every hour, every minute, and every second of our lives. Most of the time we trust unconsciously, without even thinking about it.
Trust comes in small packages. Trust comes in extra large packaging too. Trust is the basis of life and the foundation of success, a fundamental. Trust will build you up and tear you down, but trust will make you a better person.